country & survey date survey reports and other material
Armenia, Oct 2001
contact details
brief survey notes
Bolivia, Oct 2008
contact details
survey report (Spanish)
Brazil, May 2007
contact details
article
Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State, Oct 2001
contact details
brief survey notes
Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul State, Nov 2008
contact details
survery report
Burkina Faso, Jul 2009
contact details
summary (English)
survey report (French)
Cameroon, May 2002
contact details
brief survey notes
Chad, May 2004
contact details
brief survey notes
survey report
pharmaceutical sector profile
summary survey report (in French only)
China, Shaanxi Province, Mar 2012
contact details
survey report
China, Shaanxi Province, Sep 2010
contact details
survey report
China, Shandong Province, Nov 2004
contact details
survey report
presentation
survey summary report
survey on medicine knowledge
China, Shanghai, Sep 2006
contact details
survey report
survey summary report
Colombia, Oct 2008
contact details
survey report (Spanish)
Congo, Jun 2007
contact details
survey report (French)
Democratic Republic of the Congo, Jul 2007
contact details
survey report
Ecuador, Oct 2008
contact details
survey report (Spanish)
Egypt, Sep 2013
contact details
summary survey report
El Salvador, Nov 2006
contact details
addendum
survey report
Ethiopia, Sep 2004
contact details
survey summary report
survey report
Fiji, Sep 2004
contact details
brief survey notes
survey report
Ghana, Oct 2004
contact details
survey report
survey summary report
Ghana, May 2002
contact details
brief survey notes
Haiti, Aug 2011
contact details
survey report
India, Chennai, Oct 2004
contact details
India, Haryana, Oct 2004
contact details
India, Karnataka, Nov 2004
contact details
India, Maharashtra (12 districts), Oct 2004
contact details
India, Maharashtra (4 regions), Jan 2005
contact details
survey report
India, NCT Delhi, Jul 2011
contact details
survey report
India, Rajasthan, Apr 2003
contact details
brief survey notes
survey report
India, West Bengal, Dec 2004
contact details
survey report
Indonesia, Aug 2004
contact details
survey report
survey summary report
presentation
Iran, Dec 2007
contact details
summary survey report
Jordan, Aug 2009
contact details
survey in progress
Jordan, May 2004
contact details
survey report
July 2009: call to abolish sales tax on medicines
summary report
Dec 2008: medicine pricing policies workshop
Kazakhstan, Nov 2004
contact details
survey report
Kenya, Nov 2004
contact details
monitoring report: Apr 2006
monitoring report: Jan 2007
monitoring report: Oct 2006
survey summary report
addendum
survey report
national pharmaceutical sector form
Kenya, Nov 2001
contact details
brief survey notes
Kuwait, Jun 2004
contact details
survey report
presentation
addendum
survey summary report
Kyrgyzstan, Feb 2005
contact details
presentation (Russian)
presentation (English)
survey summary report (English)
survey summary report (Russian)
survey report
Lebanon, Jul 2013
contact details
summary survey report
Lebanon, Feb 2004
contact details
brief survey notes
survey report
Dec 2005: pricing policy reforms
presentation
Malawi, Sep 2008
contact details
survey in progress
Malaysia, Oct 2004
contact details
survey report
monitoring report: Dec 2007
presentation
Mali, Mar 2004
contact details
pharmaceutical sector profile
survey report
Formulaire du Secteur Pharmaceutique National
summary survey report (in French only)
Mauritius, Aug 2008
contact details
addendum
survey report
Mexico, Mexico City, Dec 2009
contact details
report (thesis, in Spanish only)
Moldova, Nov 2011
contact details
survey summary report
Mongolia, Oct 2012
contact details
brief summary
survey report
Mongolia, Nov 2004
contact details
pharmaceutical sector profile
survey report
Morocco, Apr 2004
contact details
survey report
survey summary report
Nicaragua, Oct 2008
contact details
survey report
Nigeria, Sep 2004
contact details
survey report
media
Oman, Oct 2007
contact details
survey summary report
survey report
Pakistan, Jul 2004
contact details
survey report
survey summary report
Nov 2008: medicine pricing policy meeting
Peru, Sep 2005
contact details
survey report
Peru, May 2002
contact details
brief survey notes
Philippines, Feb 2005
contact details
survey summary report
survey report
Philippines, Jun 2002
contact details
brief survey notes
Philippines – Price components, Jul 2008
contact details
survey report
survey summary report
Philippines – Public sector procurement, Jul 2008
contact details
survey report
survey summary report
Rwanda, Jul 2009
contact details
survey in progress
Sao Tome and Principe, Jun 2008
contact details
survey report
Senegal, Jan 2005
contact details
addendum
survey report
South Africa, Gauteng Province, Nov 2004
contact details
survey report
addendum
South Africa, KwaZulu Natal State, Sep 2001
contact details
brief survey notes
Sri Lanka, Oct 2001
contact details
brief survey notes
Sudan, Feb 2013
contact details
survey report
Sudan, Mar 2012
contact details
journal article
survey report
Sudan, Jun 2005
contact details
survey report (available soon)
Syria, Dec 2003
contact details
survey report
survey summary report
presentation
Tajikistan, Feb 2005
contact details
survey report
Tanzania, Sep 2004
contact details
monitoring report: Jul 2009
monitoring report: Jun/Jul 2007
monitoring report: Nov/Dec 2006
survey summary report
survey report
Thailand, Oct 2006
contact details
journal article
survey summary report
survey report
Tunisia, Mar 2004
contact details
survey summary report English
survey summary report French
survey report English
survey report French
Uganda, Apr 2004
contact details
survey summary report
survey report
monitoring report: Oct/Dec 2006
monitoring report: Apr/Jun 2007
monitoring report: Oct/Dec 2007
monitoring report: Jul/Sep 2008
monitoring report: Oct/Dec 2008
monitoring report: Jul/Sep 2009
monitoring report: Apr/Jun 2010
Ukraine - Essential Medicines, Sep 2007
contact details
survey summary report
Ukraine - Palliative Care Medicines, Sep 2007
contact details
survey summary report
United Arab Emirates, Dec 2006
contact details
survey summary report
Sept 2005: pricing policy reforms
Viet Nam, Nov 2005
contact details
journal article
Yemen, Jul 2006
contact details
survey report
survey summary report
Zambia, Aug 2008survey in progress

If you have questions about one of these surveys, please contact the survey manager (see the 'contact details' page for each survey).
Important information about survey data

Public sector procurement prices are prices that governments or other purchasers pay to procure medicines for use in the public sector. In some countries, medicines are only procured by the government (often via a central tender). In others, various agencies also procure for the public sector e.g. in Lebanon medicines are procured by the government and UNICEF. In some countries, public sector facilities obtain medicines via various stores e.g. in Uganda medicines are obtained from the National Medical Store and the Joint Medical Store. In other countries, medicines are procured both from a central store and local purchasing, or solely by local purchasing.

In the India surveys, procurement prices represent the prices paid by the public sector facilities. In some states there were no distribution costs (so the price paid by the facility was the tender price) but in others variable components costs applied such as handling charges and/or taxes. Footnotes have been included where HAI was advised that distribution costs are included in the procurement price.

WHO and HAI recommend analysing all the price component costs (mark-ups, taxes etc) as a medicine goes through the distribution chain from manufacturer to patient. As it is often very difficult to obtain the manufacturer’s selling price for a medicine, WHO and HAI recommend you work back from the patient price, assessing the type and amount of each component such as VAT, pharmacy mark-up, wholesale mark-up, importer mar-ups, import tax etc. From this you can assess the manufacturers selling price (for locally produced products) or the price of imported products. Please be aware that survey managers may have experienced difficulties identifying whether these products are sold as CIF, FOB, ex-factory etc. Comparisons should be made with caution.